STUDII ŞI CERCETĂRI
Mihai Golu - Complexitate şi predictibilitate comportamentală în sistemulpersonalităţii
Anca Rozorea - Modelul şi moda din perspectiva „adolescentului miop“ (II)
Mielu Zlate , Romeo-Zeno Creţu, Eugen Avram - Studenţii ─ integrare şi opţiuni de perspectivă
Valentina Vartic - Reprezentarea imaginii de sine în desenele puberilor cu deficienţă mintală
Vasile Preda - Programe de intervenţie timpurie şi practici educative destinate copiilor cu disabilităţi sau cu întârziere în dezvoltare
Alina Gabriela Fulger - Specificul inteligenţei sociale la copiii puberi cu deficienţă mintală
Roxana Fugăreţu-Urea - Unele aspecte de percepţie socială a părinţiilor de către elevii cu deficienţă mintală
Doru-Vlad Popovici, Florin Emil Verza - Caracteristici ale educaţiei speciale din S.U.A. (II)
Mariana Popa - Studiu privind unele aspecte psihoterapeutice şi psihopedagogice ale terapiilor comportamentale
Verginia Creţu - Comunicarea interpersonală – baza cursurilor de formare a personalului angajat în serviciul persoanei cu handicap
Florea Barbu - Contribuţia limbajului mimico-gestual la rezolvarea unor probe de gândire şi a problemelor aritmetice de către elevii surzi prelinguali
CONSEMNĂRI ŞI PREZENTĂRI
Constantin Rusu - Evoluţia caracterizărilor şi clasificărilor handicapurilor. Repere istorice şi taxonomice
Rodica Preda - Formarea capacităţii de orientare şi structurare temporală la copiii din grădiniţa specială
- Programa de pedagogie pentru examenul de definitivare în învăţământ şi pentru obţinerea gradului didactic II
MODELUL ŞI MODA DIN PERSPECTIVA „ADOLESCENTULUI MIOP“ (II)
Lector univ. dr. ANCA ROZOREA
The study presents in its two parts theoretical information concerning the concepts of „life model“ and „fashion“ and the conclusions of a research of acknowledgement type, made on the basis of a comparative analysis of the adolescents’ opinion belonging to a theoretical high school and the opinion of the adolescents having sight troubles from a special form of learning high school.
In the first part it is emphasized the role of the model as a factor of self-education in adolescence, the specific way of connection to the models in the case of the short sighted adolescents in comparison with their generation colleagues and the profile of the preferred model. The second part of the study underlines, through theoretical elements and dates from a research of acknowledgement type, some significant aspects of a psychosocial phenomenon–the fashion–to which the adolescents, including the short sighted ones, manifest a special interest.
The fashion represents a collection of attitudes and relative routines, of transitory cultural phenomenon, mostly in the every day esthetic, through which are expressed the value of a new form of dressing, physiognomic and behavioral expressions, the life style etc.
The research points out the way in which the adolescents try to be in fashion, to find „models“ and the manner in which they choose between the various branches of fashion and motivate their choice.
SPECIFICUL INTELIGENŢEI SOCIALE LA COPIII PUBERI CU DEFICIENŢĂ MINTALĂ
The problem of studying the social intelligence, its characteristic features at different age categories, implies an enormous interest, especially in the context of diversification and of a growing development of the interpersonal relations. Through its nature, this problem assumes an interdisciplinary character in the moment of investigation that makes the significations and the implications to be in a continuous dynamic. The choice of the theme through the particularization of social intelligence at the subjects suffering of mental deficiencies triggers the curiosity even through the therapeutic implications and the accustomed-integrative measures designed for the subjects with mental deficiencies.
This article is based on a scientific research projected on a group of 120 persons (60 of them suffering from mental deficiencies); the article emphasizes the inter-individual differences in connection with the differences of contacts and of concrete-situational interactions. In this respect, the social intelligence at the subjects with mental deficiencies must be regarded from a dynamic perspective because in the process of forming the necessary skills the social intelligence acquires different notes, being structured in an unbalanced manner because of the characteristic features of mental deficiency.
Key words: social intelligence, mental deficiencies.
REPREZENTAREA IMAGINII DE SINE ÎN DESENELE PUBERILOR CU DEFICIENŢĂ MINTALĂ
Asist. univ. drd. VALENTINA VARTIC
The drawing used as knowledge and therapy mean offers a wide variety of information regarding the structuring and the development of some components of the human psyche. The study intends to emphasize different representational modalities of the specific characteristics of some components of self-image in the drawings of teenaged children having mental deficiency.
Prof. log. dr. GEORGETA BURLEA
Psiholog principal ANTOANETA ZANFIRACHE
Autism represents a behavior-related disorder and the final point of several severe organic etiologies. For various reasons, the number of children diagnosed with autism disorders has lately increased. An accurate diagnosis and psycho-diagnosis may be established between the age of 2 and 3. The diagnosis relies on anamnesis and is based on the development history, on a systematic analysis of key behaviors, on observation and interdisciplinary solution, as well as on psycho-diagnosis assessment criteria and scales.
EVOLUŢIA CARACTERIZĂRILOR ŞI CLASIFICĂRILOR HANDICAPURILOR. REPERE ISTORICE ŞI TAXONOMICE
Prof. dr. CONSTANTIN RUSU
The study presents the main historical and taxonomical marks, resulted from the evolution of the international characterizations and classifications of handicaps, signaling in the same time, the researches and the specialized therapies, especially focused on the intrinsic content of the maladies and psychosomatic dysfunctions.
It is also approached the aspect of the consequences (personal and environmental) mainly those of the maladies dependent on the connection to the social factors.
In a condensed manner, there are revealed the official concerns of the World Health Organization (WHO) related to the various characterizations and conceptual delimitations regarding the handicap, infirmity, invalidity, functional perturbation, inadaptability, behavioral deficit, relationship perturbations, autonomy deficit, abnormality, etc.
COMUNICAREA INTERPERSONALĂ – BAZA CURSURILOR DE FORMARE A PERSONALULUI ANGAJAT ÎN SERVICIUL PERSOANEI CU HANDICAP
Conf. univ. dr. VERGINIA CREŢU
The article presents arguments regarding the importance of the Curriculum used under the name of “Interpersonal communication” in the professional forming activities of all categories of persons engaged in the area of protection and education of those persons with handicap. The research aimed the communication skills of the persons having occupations written in the Code of occupations from Romania and the time given to the communication in general in these activities. The results of the research revealed the fact that there is a shortage in the satisfaction of the communication needs of children and adults with handicap. The author presents the objectives and the content of syllabus in the interpersonal communication field for the forming of the working persons having mandatory high school and post high school studies from the area of the handicap.
CONTRIBUŢIA LIMBAJULUI MIMICO-GESTUAL LA REZOLVAREA UNOR PROBE DE GANDIRE ŞI A PROBLEMELOR ARITMETICE DE CĂTRE ELEVII SURZI PRELINGUALI
Lector univ. dr. FLOREA BARBU
With a view to underline the contribution of sign language to solving some thinking tests and mathematics problems, the author has applied two verbal and non-verbal thinking tests and 8 mathematics problems on 50 prelingual deaf pupils from grades VI-X.
It comes out that the sign language has contributed significantly on contents understanding of the thinking tests (verbal and non-verbal) and on the mathematics problems. But, if at the verbal and non-verbal thinking tests the performances were better through explaining of the contents in sign language, the mathematics problems solving haven’t registered a significant jump. The reason is that the deaf pupils have a weak mathematical thinking” and their calculating skills weren’t consolidated at a satisfactory level even at the higher grades. These outcomes require that in the schools for deaf pupils the teacher must use the sign language as one of instructional methods in order to explain the contents of some difficult terms or phrases.
CARACTERISTICI ALE EDUCAŢIEI SPECIALE DIN SUA (II)
Conf. univ. dr. DORU-VLAD POPOVICI
Conf. univ. dr. FLORIN EMIL VERZA
This is the second part of an article written after a study visit in the state South Carolina of the USA.
This part of the study is focused on five major aspects: a brief presentation of the organization of the public school in the state South Carolina, the model for Special Education adopted in the same state; the network of services for support in special education in this area.
Some aspects involved in projecting a functional curriculum for students with special needs and at the end a short analyze about the main advantages and limits of the American special education.
STUDIU PRIVIND UNELE ASPECTE PSIHOTERAPEUTICE ŞI PSIHOPEDAGOGICE ALE TERAPIILOR COMPORTAMENTALE
Conf. univ. dr. Mariana Popa
The article is focused on the specific operant techniques for modifying operant behavior, techniques for accelerating operant behavior and techniques for decelerating operant behavior. In each case we offer clinical case examples from our practice and from literature.
We have also pointed out the mains concept of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA): antecedents (S.D), responses (R), Consequences (reinforces (SR)), Disente Trial Training (DTT)
Key words: operant behavior, behavioral therapy, Applied Behavior Analysis
COMPLEXITATE ŞI PREDICTIBILITATE COMPORTAMENTALĂ
ÎN SISTEMUL PERSONALITĂŢII
Prof. univ. dr. MIHAI GOLU
The study presents an analysis of the relation between the complexity of the personality system and the degree of predictability in the behavioral section. In the first part, it is revealed the content of the complexity attribute at each of those three main levels: structural, functional and differential. In the second part, there are critically analyzed the main theoretical-methodological trends – the inter-realism, the extra-realism and the interaction aspects – from the perspective of their capacity to reflect and to capture the complexity of the personality system and to predict the behaviors. It is concluded that the most suitable, in this respect, it is the interaction orientation, but this trend hasn’t reached yet the desired qualitative level in the sphere of the genuine research.
UNELE ASPECTE DE PERCEPŢIE SOCIALĂ A PĂRINŢIILOR DE CĂTRE ELEVII CU DEFICIENŢĂ MINTALĂ
Lector univ. dr. ROXANA FUGĂREŢU-UREA
The knowledge of the family, of the characteristic manner through which its members interact became an object of study for the inordinate number of the social-human disciplines. Nowadays, a special interest is accorded to those mechanisms, which form the base of the relationship between the family members, the act of social perception of each parent by his own child, being a good example.
This article desires to underline some of the elements, which constitute the base of the social perception act of each parent by the subject having mental deficiencies. The article is based on a scientific research accomplished with psychological instruments of investigation: the Family test, the T questionnaire and the M questionnaire and conducted on 135 subjects having mental deficiencies.
The article emphasizes in a differentiate manner according to the scholar grade of the subjects with mental deficiencies some elements which are at the basis of social perception act of mother and father figures.
Key words: social perception, mental deficiencies.
PROGRAME DE INTERVENŢIE TIMPURIE ŞI PRACTICI EDUCATIVE DESTINATE COPIILOR CU DISABILITĂŢI SAU CU ÎNTÂRZIERE ÎN DEZVOLTARE
Prof. univ. dr. VASILE PREDA
The present study refers first of all to the essence of the methodology of behavior modification, applying it in the early intervention programs for children with disabilities or with developmental delay. The major part of the study is a presentation of some early intervention programs and educational practices: Portage project, HIPPY (Home Instruction Program for Pre-school Youngsters), the Seminar for parents with children with handicap, Freibourg Program, Head Start Program, Micro-social leaning environment, Perry Preschool Project (PPP), Abecedarian Carolina Project. There are also presented programs and educational practices for families for the development of child cognitive potential.
STUDENŢII ─ INTEGRARE ŞI OPŢIUNI DE PERSPECTIVĂ
Prof. univ. dr.
Lector univ. dr. ROMEO-ZENO CREŢU
Asist. drd. EUGEN AVRAM
Every year a big number men and women are leaving Romania hoping that they will have a better life working in other countries. Students seem to have three kinds of options: to stay, to leave, and not to think about it. We tried to establish whether or not there are relationships between some academic environment variables and the students’ options. We mentioned some means of increasing the students’ adjustability to the academic environment demands, starting from their adjustment skills, their perceptions of the academic environment, and their professional representations.
Keywords: students, emigration, perspectives, career.
- Nr. 2 / 2006
STUDII ŞI CERCETĂRI
Assessment of special educational needs in Denmark
Organizarea memoriei umane în lumina datelor neuropsihologiei contemporane
Reconstrucţia conceptuală şi structurală a lecţiei
Anca Rozorea, Cătălin Ionescu, Magdalena Constantinescu,
Aspecte psihologice şi psihosociale ale fenomenului religios şi specificul lor în cazul adolescenţilor cu tulburări psihoemoţionale
Relaţia dintre imaginea de sine şi expectanţa faţă de profesie a
studenţilor din anul I, la psihopedagogie specială
Studiu asupra caracteristicilor procesului de construire a conceptului de sine la şcolarii cu deficienţe de vedere
Federalizarea disciplinelor ştiinţifice implicate în reabilitarea persoanelor cu dizabilităţi – o tendinţă contemporană
Dimensiunea metacognitivă a învăţării
Vasile Radu Preda
Mecanismele de coping şi caracteristicile personalităţii adolescenţilor
Ioan Dorin Radu, Mariana Rădulescu
Factori frenatori ai integrării copiilor cu dizabilităţi şi/sau cerinţe educative speciale în şcoala de masă
CONSEMNĂRI ŞI CRITICĂ
„Psihologia pedagogică” în opera lui L.S.Vâgotski
Importanţa tehnologiilor asistive şi de acces pentru prevenirea excluderii persoanelor cu handicap vizual în documentele Uniunii Europene şi în Strategia Naţională 2006-2013. Studiu comparativ
Abordarea şi comunicarea cu persoanele surde
Aspecte psihofizice ale practicilor mistice
Programa pentru definitivat în psihologie; disciplina Psihologie
Programa pentru gradul II în psihologie; disciplina Psihologie
ASPECTE PSIHOLOGICE ŞI PSIHOSOCIALE ALE FENOMENULUI RELIGIOS ŞI SPECIFICUL LOR ÎN CAZUL ADOLESCENŢILOR CU TULBURĂRI PSIHOEMOŢIONALE
Lector univ. dr. ANCA ROZOREA (coord.)
Prof. IONESCU CĂTĂLIN
CUCU ALEXANDRA, studente
The study presents in two parts, theoretical information concerning psychological and psychosocial aspects of religious phenomena in the contemporary world and the conclusions of the research of the religious feeling specific of the adolescents with psycho-emotional troubles.
The study presents also a pattern of isihast therapy, which has the role of building the spiritual side of the adolescents’ personality, and to build a positive and realistic self-image, that includes high spiritual values that will guide their behavior.
ORGANIZAREA MEMORIEI UMANE ÎN LUMINA DATELOR NEUROPSIHOLOGIEI CONTEMPORANE
Prof. univ. dr. MIHAI GOLU
The article represents an analytical synthesis of the most representatives’ researches done in the last three decades on the human memory in the field of neuropsychological and cognitive sciences.
Due to this objective, the interpretation is structured on two coordinates: psychological and neuro-physiological.
On the psychological coordinate, it appears clearly the substitution of traditional paradigm, a mass compact type, which considers the memory a natural simple, consistent function, to cognitive paradigm, which presents memory as a complex system, differentiated internally and heterogeneous. In this context, there are analyzed the main descriptive-qualitative models that are facing each in the science scene.
On the neuro-physiological coordinate, it is assessed the problem of the memory mechanisms through the light of the newest experimental and clinic data. It is presented the triadic model, which facilitates the most complex grasp of the configuration of these mechanisms. Based on this model, at the foundation of the memory resides the interaction of three cerebral systems: system C (the coding system), system A (the activation system) and system S (the supervision system).
IMPORTANŢA TEHNOLOGIILOR ASISTIVE ŞI DE ACCES PENTRU PREVENIREA EXCLUDERII PERSOANELOR CU HANDICAP VIZUAL ÎN DOCUMENTELE UNIUNII EUROPENE ŞI ÎN STRATEGIA NAŢIONALĂ 2006 – 2013
This article represents a comparative study concerning the newest legislative initiatives, actions and enterprises carried out by the EU institutions and the Romanians ones regarding the promotion of supportive and admissive technologies for the assistance of info-exclusion prevention of the persons having low-vision deficiencies and their social inclusion.
RELAŢIA DINTRE IMAGINEA DE SINE ŞI EXPECTANŢA FAŢĂ DE PROFESIE A STUDENŢILOR DIN ANUL I, LA PSIHOPEDAGOGIE SPECIALĂ
Lector univ. drd. VALENTINA VARTIC
The study tries to emphasize the main elements of the self-image at the freshmen students and their impact on the expectations toward the profession. By using certain proves which reveal aspects related to the self-image (the real self and the ideal one), life satisfaction and the hierarchy of motivations in choosing a profession, it is attempted to describe the presumed relation of conditioning between the manner in which they perceived themselves, dreamt to become something, and the main reasons which determine the choice of the profession at the students who decide picking a carrier in the special psycho-pedagogy field.
RECONSTRUCŢIA CONCEPTUALĂ ŞI STRUCTURALĂ A LECŢIEI
Prof. univ. dr. IOAN CERGHIT
The communication, the action and the interaction are at the basis of the scholar learning system (construction of individual knowledge). The various forms that these supporting elements receive contribute to the development of different shapes of learning, which benefit of an obvious theoretical support in the psychological paradigms and modern didactic methodology. The correlation to these new approaches of learning and teaching suggests a compulsory remodeling of the lesson, of the main frame of organizing these processes. Therefore, there is a necessity to construct a new typology of the lesson, organized after new criteria, better adapted to the new demands of the learning process.
DIMENSIUNEA METACOGNITIVĂ A ÎNVĂŢĂRII
Lect. univ. dr. DANIEL MARA
Learning is a complex and dynamic phenomena analyzed by various scientists, who had elaborated many theories of learning. In this article, there are presented the metacognition theories.
The metacognition theories of learning have a great role in modifying the conception about intelligence developing, redefined the role of education – school and teacher.
At the beginning, the metacognition was defined as knowledge of cognitive function, nowadays this term is focused on the mechanisms referring to the cognitive functions. This mechanism refers to the activities that permit objective orientation and learning control of cognitive functions in problems solving. Some of the metacognition theories are: thinking lateral theory (E. De Bono); instrumental diversification theory (R. Feuerstein) and thinking critical theories (C. Temple, J. Steele, K. Meredith).
ABORDAREA ŞI COMUNICAREA CU PERSOANELE SURDE
Lector univ. dr. FLOREA BARBU
The paper is focused upon some approach modalities of deaf and hard of hearing people in everyday situations. Attention is granted to communication with preschool children, pupils and adults for training and developing good communication skills between hearing and deaf people. There are reviewed some physical factors which contribute to facilitate the communication process. The author gives attention to needs of preparing qualified interpreters as professionals who will have to work on removing the communication barriers in all fields in which deaf persons live.
FACTORI FRENATORI AI INTEGRĂRII COPIILOR CU DIZABILITĂŢI ŞI/SAU CU CERINŢE EDUCATIVE SPECIALE ÎN ŞCOALA DE MASĂ
Prof. IOAN DORIN RADU
Prof. MARIANA RĂDULESCU
Integration of the children with disabilities and special needs, in the mainstream schools, is a very fashionable task of the modern education.
The main goal of this integration, in accordance with the International and Romanian settlements, is to guarantee the special and social rights in order to assure support facilities and equipment for this child in need.
Because the Romanian settlements are coming from different protection, training and educational organizations some of these are confused and contradictory and consequently there are for and against opinions for this complex process of integration.
We are going to present some of these opinions in the material.
ASPECTE PSIHOFIZICE ALE PRACTICILOR MISTICE
Prof. ION CIONTU
This article is the result of 10 years of studies and accumulations and can be labeled as being “against the current”, because the author doesn’t share the acknowledged points of view, “the classics ones”, that question the equality sign between mystic and religious faith. Although the mysticism is a phenomena equally heterogeneous and controversy, that on the other side doesn’t have anything to do with the religious faith and sanctity, ironically, under this generous umbrella there are comprised the most various, bizarre and incompatibles theories and transcendental practices.
STUDIU ASUPRA CARACTERISTICILOR PROCESULUI DE CONSTITUIRE A CONCEPTULUI DE SINE LA ŞCOLARII DEFICIENŢI DE VEDERE
Conf. univ. dr. MARIANA POPA
The study is dedicated to the assessment of self-concept in children with low-vision deficiencies in perspective of building a psychotherapeutic program for the development of personality and reinforcement of self-concept.
The present research is built upon the hypothesis that the short sight problems affect in a specific negative manner the evolution of self-concept and entire relationship life.
The groups of children, both low-vision (30) and non-deficient (30) were investigated using questionnaires meant to outline fields and areas of self-esteem, the sociometric test and a projective test.
From the analysis of the answers to the questioners of the two samples of pupils it has been revealed some peculiarities in the shape of self-concept as well as in the adjustment to the environment demands in the group of low vision children.
FEDERALIZAREA DISCIPLINELOR ŞTIINŢIFICE IMPLICATE ÎN REABILITAREA PERSOANELOR CU DISABILITĂŢI – O TENDINŢĂ CONTEMPORANĂ
Conf. univ. dr. MARIA NEAGOE
The study discuses the tendency of unification, in different forms, of the scientific disciplines implicated in rehabilitative activities of persons with disabilities. The expression of this regrouping, in the form of federalization, is represented by the science and engineering of rehabilitation, as conceived by the Institute of Medicine of the US. The study emphasizes the conceptualization requirements of this scientific domain, the necessity to guide the research mainly towards the functional component, towards the generative causes of functional limitation and towards the functional limitations themselves.
MECANISMELE DE COPING ŞI CARACTERISTICILE PERSONALITĂŢII ADOLESCENŢILOR
Drd. VASILE RADU PREDA
This study is focused on the essential aspects of the major life events, the psychosocial stressors, the coping processes and the coping strategies and changes in behavioral functioning in adolescence.