Cercetare și publicații

Revista de Psihopedagogie - 2007

Nr. 1 / 2007

CUPRINS

 

STUDII ŞI CERCETĂRI

 

Emil Verza

Valenţele comunicării totale

Mihai Golu

Evoluţia metodologică a psihologiei

López Melero, M., Perez, J. M.

Diagnoza în educaţie: o privire în profunzime pentru înţelegerea

existenţei  umane

Creţu Verginia

Nevoile speciale ale persoanelor cu handicap vizual în domeniul tehnologiilor de acces

Cerghit Ioan

Învăţarea tehnologizată: hipermediatizare şi procesare a informaţiei

Rozorea Anca, Pelicuda Luana

Potenţialul ereditar şi contextul social în determinismul actului infracţional

Popovici Doru Vlad, Durac Valentina

Caracteristici comportamentale creative la adolescenţii supradotaţi       

Voicu Adela

Motivaţia conduitei antisociale la adolescent

                                                                                                                                                               

CONSEMNĂRI ŞI PREZENTĂRI

 

Radu Gheorghe

Învăţământul integrat în contextul educaţiei speciale din Federaţia Rusă

Aurelia Racu

Instituţia învăţământului special în Republica Moldova: caracteristici şi reconsiderări

Barbu Florea

Opoziţia dintre concepţiile abatelui de L’Epee şi ale lui Samuel

Heinicke reflectată în corespondenţă

Creţu Verginia

Colocviul european „Trisomia 21 în mişcare” – Paris, 23-24martie 2007

 REZUMATE

LA MOTIVATION DE LA CONDUITE ANTISOCIALE DE L’ADOLESCENT

 

    

Maître de conférence universitaire docteur ADELA VOICU

 

Pour la plupart des catégories des comportements délinquants, les théories de la causalité individuelle ont la tendance de souligner soit les influences externes, soit les influences internes. Cet article tente de présenter la motivation du comportement antisocial juvénile, les différences et les méthodes par l’intermédiaire desquelles les jeunes interprètent et répondent aux influences sociales. Les éléments les plus importants sont la famille, l’activité éducationnelle et la communication entre les membres de la famille et surtout entre la mère et l’enfant ou le père et l’enfant. Du point de vue psychologique, le problème en ce qui concerne le contrôle du comportement antisocial peut être conçu comme une question en ce qui regarde la modalité adéquate par laquelle le contrôle sur le comportement est développé, de la sorte que le comportement antisocial ne s’installera pas dans certaines circonstances.  

 

 

POTENŢIALUL EREDITAR ŞI CONTEXTUL SOCIAL

ÎN DETERMINISMUL ACTULUI INFRACŢIONAL

 

Lector univ. dr. ANCA ROZOREA (coordonator)

Psiholog LUANA PELICUDA

 

Cet article est structuré en deux parties : l’une théorique, dans laquelle on essaie donner une possible réponse à la question s’il existe une «personnalité criminelle» ou cette action infractionnelle a un déterminisme exclusivement social et l’autre applicative, de recherche personnelle qui a visé comme objectif principal l’identification des profils de personnalité des criminaux auxquels prédominent les traits héréditaires ou ceux psychosociales qui sont générateurs de graves actions criminelles.

 

 

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE EXCEPTIONAL TEENAGERS’ CREATIVE BEHAVIORS

 

 

Associate professor Ph.D. DORU VLAD POPOVICI

 

Psychologue VALENTINA DURAC

 

   The study is focused on some features of the creative behaviour of exceptional teenager students in relationship with the adaptable connotation of creativity at the contemporary environment requested in the context of the modern educational reform based of actual social changes.

The research tries to analise the behaviour of gifted teenager taking in account also the strong connection existing between creativity intelligence and personality.

Our assessment releaved the capacity of gifted teenager students to be very original, active inside the class, proving interest for many educational activities and the tendency to settle high targets in their achivment.

Statistical results proved also a significant connection between the level of intelligence and creativity manifestation.

In order to be able to enjoy these features the teenager students need a large variety of services and adapted teaching methods wich are not usually a part of the educational system in our country.

 

THE VALENCES OF TOTAL COMMUNICATION

 

University Professor Ph.D. EMIL VERZA

 

The present study is dedicated to the assessment of the problem of total communication that is conceived as having a complex dimension concerning the reflection of the personality expression in the cognitive level and in the attitudinal and affective one. The total communication it is usual not only to the persons with difficulties in the psychic development, but also to the normal persons. The concept includes a series of components hierarchically disposed (as it is shown in the scheme bellow) and the level of their evolution influences the dimension and the quality of total communication that is in a continuous dynamic.

 

 

ÎNVĂŢAREA TEHNOLOGIZATĂ: HIPERMEDIATIZARE ŞI PROCESARE

A INFORMAŢIEI

 

Prof. univ. dr. IOAN CERGHIT

 

The study uses the preliminary data of an empirical research dedicated to the technologised learning environment. The attention is focused on two main aspects, such as:

- the development of hypermediatised communication in order to stimulate the senso-motors interactions, operatives, with the objects and phenomena of real or virtual world completed by the semiotic interactions, premises of achieving a successful learning and

- the orientations of efforts during the efforts of processing the information in partnership conditions between different scholar units in order to obtain finished products of learning, with an applicative value and insertion of some elements of creativity and originality.

 

THE DIAGNOSIS IN EDUCATION:  A DEEP GLANCE FOR THE  COMPREHENSION  OF THE HUMAN BEING

         

University Professor Ph.D. MIGUEL LÓPEZ MELERO

 University Professor Ph.D. JOSE MARIA PEREZ

(English version: J. IGNACIO RIVAS FLORES)

UNIVERSIDAD DE MALAGA

 

 

L’EVOLUTION METHODOLOGIQUE DE LA PSYCHOLOGIE

 

Professeur universitaire docteur MIHAI GOLU

 

L’article fait une analyse du spécifique de l’évolution de la psychologie du moment de sa séparation de la philosophie et de l’acquis de son état de science autonome (1879) et jusqu’à présent. L’idée fondamentale soutenue et argumentée par l’auteur est celle d’une  évolution essentiellement d’ordre méthodologique. On prouve ainsi que les principales crises auxquelles elle s’est confrontée ne sont pas issues des recherches spécifiquement sequentielles, mais surtout de la principale manière d’approche de certains problèmes cardinaux, tout comme :

-                            la nature et l’état ontologique du psychique, en général, et de la conscience humaine, en particulier;

-                            l’origine ou la provenience du psychique, y compris, le rapport d’entre immanent, predéterminé, inné et acquis ;

-                            le caractère de l’organisation interne de la vie psychique, y compris, le rapport partie-tout ;

-                            le rapport individuel/particulier – général/universel (idiographique-nomothétique) ;

-                            le rapport entre le plan subjectif, interne et le plan objectif, externe (psychique-comportement) etc.

C’est précisément la manière dont on a approché et resolu ces problèmes qui a conduit à la scission interne de la psychologie et à l’apparition de certaines écoles et orientations non seulement differentes, mais tout à fait opposées, antagoniques, qui se sont confrontées constament, jusqu’à la fin du XX ième siècle. La conclusion qu’on peut finalement tirer est que de l’unification de la psychologie on peut parler seulement dans la mesure où il y a une unification méthodologique.

 

 

INSTITUŢIA ÎNVĂŢĂMÂNTULUI SPECIAL ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA: CARACTERISTICI ŞI RECOMANDĂRI

 

Conf. Univ. dr. „Ion Creangă”AURELIA RACU

                                                 Universitatea Pedagogică de Stat, Chişinău

 

This study discusse the necessity of establishing educational institutions of a new type – mixt establishments ensuring the new in principle flexible system of teaching healthy children and those with development disorders. The need of broadening traditional functions of operatingncorrectional educational establishments, transformation of them into local, town, region centers for rendering specialiued assistance to children with development disorders is proved.

 

 

ÎNVĂŢĂMÂNTUL INTEGRAT ÎN CONTEXTUL EDUCAŢIEI SPECIALE DIN FEDERAŢIA RUSĂ

 

                                                          Prof. univ. dr. GHEORGHE RADU

 

The appearance, in a few previous numbers of “Psycho-pedagogical Review”, of some data concerning the education and learning for the persons having different types of handicap and problems of school adaptation, from United States and Denmark, raised a genuine interest among the lecturers of the review. In this article, we present some aspects – in our opinion of great concerning for their actuality and originality – regarding the organization of special education and integrated learning in Russian Federation.

 

Nr. 2 / 2007

CUPRINS

 

 

STUDII ŞI CERCETĂRI

 

 

Emil Verza

Impactul afaziei asupra palierului psihic şi comportamental

Mihai Golu

Tulburări psihocomportamentale în leziuni focale ale zonelor prefrontale ale creierului

Viorel Agheană, Verginia Creţu

Procesarea conţinutului lecţiei la nivel acţional, iconic şi verbal pentru dezvoltarea gândirii elevului cu handicap mintal. Constatări şi soluţii ameliorative (I)

Doru Vlad Popovici, Corina Ionescu

Managementul clasei de elevi cu tulburări de comportament

Miguel López Melero, Jose Maria Perez

Diagnosticul în educaţie: privire asupra înţelegerii fiinţei umane (II)

Valentina Vartic

Studiu asupra specificului relaţiei dintre inteligenţă şi afectivitate

Elena Pop-Petrescu, Florea Barbu

Măsurarea unor particularităţi psihice ale deficienţilor de auz cu scara Borelli-Oleron

Ruxandra Foloştină

Exigenţe ale managementului proiectelor vizând copiii şi tinerii cu handicap

Magdalena Constantinescu

Implicaţiile tulburărilor de psihomotricitate în plan grafo-lexic, la şcolarul cu intelect normal, comparativ cu cel deficient mintal (I)

 

 

 

CONSEMNARI ŞI PREZENTARI

 

Mariana Popa

Studiu asupra cauzalităţii unor  dificultăţi de învăţare în deficienţa de auz

 

 

 

RECENZII

 

DORU VLAD POPOVICI - Orientări teoretice şi practice în educaţia integrată

(Marilena Bratu)

FLORIN EMIL VERZA - Fundamentele psihopedagogiei speciale

(Marilena Bratu)

REZUMATE

PROCESAREA CONŢINUTULUI LECŢIEI LA NIVEL ACŢIONAL, ICONIC ŞI VERBAL PENTRU DEZVOLTAREA GÂNDIRII ELEVULUI CU HANDICAP MINTAL. CONSTATĂRI ŞI SOLUŢII AMELIORATIVE ( I )

 

         Masterand VIOREL AGHEANĂ

      Prof. univ. dr. VERGINIA CREŢU

 

Universitatea din Bucureşti

The article proves that is necessary a research concerning previous theme, started in 2007. There are arguments in order to point the importance’s orientation of the entire learning process through the identification of the thinking micro operations and practicing in action, iconic and verbal level. It is considered important for the efficiency of the learning process, for practicing the same micro operators in action and through images which release perceptive activity and allowed to detach constant schemes which are involved in selective reflection of the base and then in verbal level. The article will be followed by the presentation of the research’s results.

 

 

MANAGEMENTUL CLASEI DE ELEVI CU TULBURĂRI DE COMPORTAMENT

 

Conf. Univ. Dr. DORU VLAD POPOVICI 

Universitatea din Bucureşti

Prof. M.D.CORINA IONESCU

 

The article is a preamble of a study, wich we initiated after the experience achieved in one of the inclusive schools from United States of America, in a special education class with emotionally and behaviorally disabled students located in South Carolina. The study refers to the possibility to tranfere the strategies used by the american educational system in the romanian educational system for special and ordinary education.

 

 

IMPACTUL AFAZIEI ASUPRA PALIERULUI PSIHIC ŞI COMPORTAMENTAL

 

     Prof. univ. dr. EMIL VERZA

Universitatea din Bucureşti

 

The present study brings into discussion a less approached and clarified problem, the so-called impact of aphasia on the main psychic and behavioral components involved in the cognition process. These aspects are reported on the aphasic typologies and on the subjects’ individuality

 

 

MĂSURAREA UNOR PARTICULARITATI PSIHICE ALE DEFICIENŢILOR DE AUZ CU SCARA BORELLI-OLERON

 

Prof. ELENA POP-PETRESCU

Şcoala pentru surzi din Satu Mare

Lector. univ. dr. FLOREA BARBU

 Universitatea din Piteşti

 

Using the Borelli-Oleron Test, the authors wish to underline some characteristics of deaf children aging 4-9 years comparatively with hearing children of same ages. Were used 261 children (137 deaf and 124 hearing boys and girls). On the whole, hearing children have obtained better outcomes, deaf girls being better than deaf boys and hearing boys have performed above hearing girls. The best narrowed outcomes between deaf and hearing subjects were at the tests which implies the actions with the concrete objects (which call on the concrete thinking) than the operation with symbols. The proves asking the copying of geometrical figures are sensible for to diagnose the mental retardation at children with language troubles. It comes out that at the more advanced ages the differences between deaf and hearing subjects become bigger regarding the performances at this Test. 

 

 

IMPLICAŢIILE TULBURĂRILOR DE PSIHOMOTRICITATE ÎN PLAN GRAFO-LEXIC, LA ŞCOLARUL CU INTELECT NORMAL, COMPARATIV CU CEL DEFICIENT MINTAL (I)

 

                                                Masterand MAGDALENA CONSTANTINESCU

Universitatea „Titu Maiorescu”

 

The psychomotricity is involved in almost every human activity, so that many of school and integration difficulties are determined by psychomotor disorders. While playing, studying or, generally, performing current activities, we frequently encounter situations where children find it difficult to develop the psychomotor abilities.

Our research regards the fact that identifying the specific disabilities and early intervention in educating the psychomotricity could enable the optimal development of a child and the overcoming, in time, of all difficulties generated by these.

 

 

STUDIU ASUPRA CAUZALITĂŢII UNOR  DIFICULTĂŢI DE ÎNVĂŢARE ÎN DEFICIENŢA DE AUZ

 

Conf. univ. dr. MARIANA POPA

Universitatea din Bucureşti

 

Many deaf children in addition to being prelingually profoundly deaf also suffer from learning difficulties which impede satisfactory development in speech and lipreading. The researchs detected two handicaps in addition to deafness which endanger an oral development. The first is a motor handicap called apraxia or dyspraxia which involve difficulty in speech- reading and speech- hearing development. The second is a cognitive-motor handicap called intermodal integration disability which endanger the meningful oral functioning and the development of reading and writing.

The most common learning disabilities in deaf children are described: aphasia, dysarthria, perceptual disturbances, dysgraphia, dyslexia and dyscalculia.

The main aim of rehabilitation is seen in terms of a diagnosis of the strongabilities of the child, of developing them and of integrating them into the child’s whole behaviour pattern, thus of using compensatori functions. 

 

 

DIAGNOSTICUL ÎN EDUCAŢIE:

PRIVIRE ASUPRA ÎNŢELEGERII FIINŢEI UMANE (II)

 

                  Profesor universitar dr. MIGUEL LÓPEZ MELERO

 Profesor universitar dr. JOSE MARIA PEREZ

Universitatea din Malaga

 

 

TULBURĂRI PSIHOCOMPORTAMENTALE ÎN LEZIUNI FOCALE ALE ZONELOR

PREFRONTALE ALE CREIERULUI

 

Prof. univ. dr. MIHAI GOLU

Universitatea „Spiru Haret”

 

In this article there are discussed the results obtained after the psychological investigation of a group of patients with lesions at the level of frontal lobs. There are analysed the psycho-behavioral problems at 5 patients with lesions of prefrontal regions of the left hemisphere and 9 patients who have lesions located in the prefrontal of right hemisphere. On the basis of data obtained, it can be concluded that the prefrontal regions generate integrations of supramodal type, managing and controlling the programs of complex activities, multisequential orientated intentionally to reach certain goals.

 

 

EXIGENŢE ALE MANAGEMENTULUI PROIECTELOR VIZÂND COPIII ŞI TINERII CU HANDICAP

 

Drd. RUXANDRA FOLOŞTINĂ

Universitatea din Bucureşti

 

The aim of this research is to provide essential tips and information about Project Management. The study covers all the key areas of the project management with a particular focus on the possible mistakes that a project manager can make at any moment in time. The social projects presented in this research follow a series of steps, from the inception to close. Each step takes you closer to the end of the project. At each stage the key concepts are introduced and often examples are given.

 

 

STUDIU ASUPRA SPECIFICULUI RELAŢIEI DINTRE INTELIGENŢĂ ŞI AFECTIVITATE

 

Lector univ. drd. VALENTINA VARTIC

Universitatea din Bucureşti

 

 In this article the author intends to point out the specific aspects of the emotiveness at the children with a normal intellect and with mental retards, ascertained after a vast research. Being considered illustrative and meaningful in order to outline the specific differences between the studied batches (lot) in the matter of the rapport between intelligence and affectivity, from among the obtained results, in this article are presented only the ones obtained at the D.A.P. and Luscher tests.

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